Peru- Marine ecosystem being destroyed by illegal fishing

43

Language: Spanish

Location:Lima, Peru

Duration: 00:05:01

Resource: A24

Restriction: Subscribers of A24

Date: 13-04-2022

Storyline:

Artisanal fishermen have raised their concerns over the use of explosives and trawling in illegal fishing in Peru, a country in South America. Unregulated activities also threatened the marine ecosystem in northern country. For artisanal fishers in northern Peru, unregulated fishing by large vessels within five nautical miles of the coast is also a major problem, according to the representatives of fishermen’s associations. Ricardo Laos, President of the Association of Artisanal Fishermen of Caleta de Chorrillos, said Illegal vessels within within five nautical miles of the coast caused reproduction problems which in turn lead to the scarcity facing artisanal fishermen. For his part, Alejandro Bravo, Secretary General of the Federation of Integration and Unification of Artisanal Fishermen of Peru, said Trawling destroys the ecosystem. Commander Jesús Menacho, Chief of Staff of the Coast Guard Operations Command of the Navy, said that fishing with explosives is one of the most devastating methods of harvesting fish and which can also destroys the entire bottom.

Shotlist:

– (Sounbites) Ricardo Laos, President of the Association of Artisanal Fishermen of Caleta de Chorrillos:

“Lately it has been found that industrial fishing vessels enter within 5 nautical miles, which is a reproductive zone. Where our species reproduce and we have to take care of them. Because certain species, if they are not taken care of in due time, will cause reproduction problems. And those reproduction problems are going to lead to the scarcity (facing) the artisanal fishermen.”

– (Sounbites) Ricardo Laos, President of the Association of Artisanal Fishermen of Caleta de Chorrillos:

“Reproduction has dropped quite a bit. There is not the reproduction that there was 10 or 15 years ago. Now we are working with a production of almost 20%, and that is still a lot. Reproduction reaching the coastal zone is minimal. Where the fishermen are already afraid to go to sea because what they catch does not cover their needs, not even fuel costs.”

– (Sounbites) Alejandro Bravo, Secretary General of the Federation of Integration and Unification of Artisanal Fishermen of Peru:

“If we talk about the southern zone, in 2011 they created the famous “Penetration Window” with which they depredated all the resources. Both as the anchoveta and its accompanying fauna that comes to be horse mackerel, mackerel, bonito, etc. But apart from that, they preyed on corvina, cojinova and other species that had a lot of commercial value for us as fishermen. And as such, it had a lot of nutritional value for the person who consumed it.”

– (Sounbites)  Alejandro Bravo, Secretary General of the Federation of Integration and Unification of Artisanal Fishermen of Peru:

“Trawling doesn’t just prey. It also destroys the ecosystem, preys on biodiversity and in the future we pay the consequences. Those of us who fish selectively, in an orderly and disciplined manner.”

– (Sounbites)  Alejandro Bravo, Secretary General of the Federation of Integration and Unification of Artisanal Fishermen of Peru:

“We are not going to be able to cover the expenses it generates, the operating expenses generated by going out fishing. Today the fuel is more expensive and the fish does not have the value that we would like as in the past. Go fishing, win and have something at home.”

– (Sounbites) Commander Jesús Menacho, Chief of Staff of the Coast Guard Operations Command of the Navy:

“As illegal (in Peru) we have fishing with explosives, which can occur in many places. The fishermen know that it is wrong and that some bad fishermen do it. Mechanized seine fishing. It is a net that is being pulled from the ground with a motor or a kind of car that is being pulled and that destroys the entire bottom.”

– (Sounbites) Commander Jesús Menacho, Chief of Staff of the Coast Guard Operations Command of the Navy

“The studies on which species are in danger, I can tell you that IMARPE (Institute of the Sea of Peru) has not declared any species in danger at this time.”

– (Sounbites) Commander Jesús Menacho, Chief of Staff of the Coast Guard Operations Command of the Navy

“However, there are areas and closed seasons, but this is for the reproduction of the species. So that it is not possible to fish in the areas where the species is reproducing, mainly anchoveta, mackerel, bonito, and in those areas we establish the closed season and verify that there are no fishing vessels. And for this, patrols are carried out with our coastal and maritime patrol boats.”

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